About the City
Rio de Janeiro
It was the seat of the viceroyalty, became the capital of the colony and became, in the 19th century, the seat of the Kingdom of Portugal and Algarves, with the arrival of the Royal Family. In 1822, with the Independence of Brazil and the inauguration of D. Pedro I as emperor, Rio became the first and only capital of an empire in the Southern Hemisphere.
All this political and economic movement bequeathed to those who visit the city a series of landscapes that are now well known in the Center. Even before the arrival of the Prince Regent, the aqueduct, now known as Arcos da Lapa, the Church of Santa Luzia, the Monastery of São Bento, the City Palace, the Convent of Santo Antônio and the Imperial Palace were already standing. With the arrival of the court and, later, with the arrival of the French cultural missions, the city witnessed the emergence of new buildings and public places that became a must-visit for those who want to follow the historical trajectory of the city: the Botanical Garden, the National Museum ( former residence of the emperor), Candelária, the buildings in neoclassical style in the Center. The entire neoclassical heritage dictated the style of the great buildings after the Proclamation of the Republic,
that made Rio the capital of Brazil. In the first decades of the 20th century, the Center remained a meeting point not only for the political and economic classes, but also for its social elite.
Thus, the area underwent major transformations, such as those that opened roads, such as Avenida Rio Branco, with the razing of part of the old Morro do Castelo, and Avenida Presidente Vargas, with the demolition of the houses that proliferated with the development from the
port area and railroad branches. In its wake, solid testimonies of an era have become major cultural references, from the Banco do Brasil Cultural Center to the National Museum of Fine Arts, from Casa França Brasil to the Municipal Theater.
The great works also marked the era of post-war governments. Modernism set the tone for monuments such as the Metropolitan Cathedral, on the site of the former Morro de Santo Antôonio, and the Museum of Modern Art, on the Aterro do Flamengo, in the 1950s.
also marked the opening up of other areas of the city, which would come to mark it as a tourist destination: the appearance of Copacabana and Ipanema, previously isolated by the hills that dot the city, and the erection of two icons, the Pão de Açúcar cable car and the Statue of Christ the Redeemer, which would contribute with the most emotional title that a destination could receive in the world: The Marvelous City.
Design and construction by A. Guilbert and Francisco de Oliveira Passos. Its inauguration took place on July 14, 1909.
As pinturas principais são de Eliseu Visconti – teto e pano de boca – e de Rodolfo Amoedo. Os mosaicos são de Henrique Bernardelli.
Pça. Floriano, sem número – Centro Tel: (55 21) 2544-2900 Horário: Visitas agendadas segundas e terças / quintas e sextas entre 9 e 16h.
Located in Largo da Lapa, where Rio's nightlife was concentrated in the past, the Arcos da Lapa remain the main monument of colonial Rio.
Its magnificent structure is made up of 42 double arches. It was originally built to supply the city with water from the Carioca River, a name that gave rise to its first name, Aqueduto Carioca. Today, the tram runs over the aqueduct, connecting the center to the old streets of Santa Teresa, a picturesque neighborhood with an artistic community and a wide variety of bars, restaurants, museums, cultural centers and art studios.
Corcovado – Christ the Redeemer
Corcovado Mountain, with the image of Christ the Redeemer on its top, is one of the main symbols of the city.
This huge block of vertical and apparent rock, emerging from the forest, dominating everything around it is, without a doubt, one of the reasons that make Rio de Janeiro the “Wonderful City”. Built in reinforced concrete, coated with small triangles of soapstone, on a pedestal 8 meters high, where there is a chapel for 150 people, the statue measures 30 meters high; the distance between the ends of the fingers is 28 meters; its total weight is 1,145 tons, with the head weighing 30 tons and the arms 88 tons each. The climb to the top of Corcovado, which is part of the Tijuca National Park, can be done by little train or taxi and van. (Address: Train Station: Rua Cosme Velho, 513 – Cosme Velho – Tel: (55 21) 2558-1329 Hours: Daily from 8:30 am to 6:30 pm.)
Located in the middle of the densely populated area of ??the city of Rio de Janeiro, Tijuca National Park is the largest urban forest in the world.
With an area of ??3,300 ha, within which lies the Tijuca Forest. Some points of interest in the forest are: Cascatinha Taunay, Capela Mayrink, Jardim dos Manacás, Os Esquilos restaurant, Cascata Diamantina, Gruta de Paulo e Virgínia, Parque Bom Retiro and Lago das Fadas. (Address: Praça Afonso Viseu – Alto da Boa Vista)
The Botanical Garden has an immense green area of ??1.4 million square meters where around five thousand species of tropical plants and trees are cultivated.
Walking along the trails that crisscross the garden, you will discover carnivorous plants, African violets, orchids, small fountains and corners inhabited by tamarins, squirrels and skunks among the imperial palm trees and their thrushes. The garden also houses the Botanical Museum, a library with a collection of 76,000 specialized books, a vegetable garden, an orchid garden and several greenhouses. (Address: Rua Jardim Botânico, 1008 – Jardim Botânico Tel: (55 21) 2294-9349 – Hours: Daily from 8 am to 5 pm.)
Maracanã has already been the setting for the most important classics in Brazilian football and has hosted historic moments in international football.
Monumental events, such as King Pelé's 1,000th goal, in 1969, also took place on the lawns of the temple of Brazilian football.
Inaugurated on June 16, 1950, it has already hosted games from that year's World Cup and some matches from the 2014 World Cup. It also hosted games from the 2013 Confederations Cup, opening and closing ceremonies of the 2007 Pan American Games and the Olympics in 2016. In addition to sports competitions, Maracanã has hosted important events, such as concerts by Madonna, the Rolling Stones, Paul McCartney, Tina Turner, Foo Fighters and Coldplay, as well as outdoor masses of the then Pope John Paul II, in 1980 and 1997.
The stadium underwent a major renovation and had its total capacity extended to 78,838 fans. Maracanã was modernized and today meets international safety, logistics and sustainability requirements. New bars and snack bars provide more comfort for the public, which also has retractable chairs divided by color and produced with certified materials, such as PET bottles. Divided into five levels and into north, south, east and west sectors, Maracanã bets on divisions to facilitate access and location for fans.
Reopened in June 2017, the Tour do Maracanã takes the public behind the scenes of the most famous stadium in the world. Visitors get to know the permanent exhibition that brings together striking pieces from the history of Brazilian football, such as the uniform worn by Garrincha in the 1962 World Cup, in addition to the footprints of idols such as Roberto Dinamite and Pelé. The changing room, the warm-up and press rooms and the iconic lawn are also part of the tour, which can be accompanied by bilingual guides or done individually. The tour features novelties, such as pieces donated by Zico that promise to be a hit with Flamengo fans and enthusiasts, including the 1981 world champion sash and the shirt worn by Galinho in the team's third championship in 1979. The tours last around 40 minutes and take place daily, starting at 9:00 am and with the last group starting the visitation at 4:00 pm. The price ranges from R$ 25, half price for the basic ticket, to R$ 85 for the VIP ticket with parking*. Tickets can be purchased at the ticket office at gate 1, which opens at 8:30 am daily, or at www.ingressocerto.com. *On match days, the last tour will depart 3 hours before the gates open. *It is necessary that only one of the visitors purchase the ticket with the right to parking. Others will be able to buy the basic ticket. * Children up to five years old do not pay. Students, children aged 6 to 12 and seniors over 60 pay half price.
(Address: Av. Pres. Castelo Branco, Gate 3 – Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro – RJ, 20271-130 – By subway/SuperVia: To access Gate 2 of the stadium, Tour entrance, disembark at Maracanã station.)
Pão de Açúcar
One of the main sights of Rio de Janeiro can be seen right at the entrance to Guanabara Bay.
Composed of two stretches, the first goes from Praia Vermelha to Morro da Urca reaching 224 meters in height, and the second stretch, from Morro da Urca to Pão de Açúcar, 395 meters high. The ride on the cable car lasts approximately 3 minutes each way. Currently, around one million people are transported per year in cable cars with capacity for seventy-five passengers per trip. (Address: Av. Pasteur, 520 – Praia Vermelha – Tel: (55 21) 2546-8400 Hours: Daily from 8 am to 10 pm.)
The History of the City
Sinuous, insinuating, beautiful and intriguing, the landscape of Rio de Janeiro has already enchanted visitors to its coasts for 5 centuries.
A few years after the announcement of the discovery of the new land of Brazil, the hills of Urca and Pão de Açúcar and Pedra da Gávea were already on the maps of the Italians, Dutch, English and, of course, the Portuguese. By recording the immense bay that opened onto the sea like the embrace of a river mouth, one of the Portuguese expeditions, sent to explore the coast, definitively baptized the region. There began the history of Rio de Janeiro.
AIRPORTSTom Jobim International Airport, located on Ilha do Governador, is easily accessible via modern expressways, to the city center and the South Zone, where the main hotels are located. Twenty-six international airlines and all Brazilian airlines operate at the airport, which in 1998 recorded a movement of approximately 8 million passengers between domestic and international flights.
Santos Dumont Airport, located in the center of the city, operates regional flights connecting the main capitals in the country, executive jets and smaller aircraft. An excellent taxi and bus service links the airports with the main hotels and residential areas.
Rio de Janeiro International Airport – Galeão – Antonio Carlos Jobim:
Tel – information: +55(21) 3398-5050
Flights: +55(21) 3398-4527 / 3398-4526
Domestic Airport- Santos Dumont:
information and flights +55(21) 3814-7070
Most offices are open from 09:00 to 18:00 from Monday to Friday and from 09:00 to 13:00 on Saturdays. Most large shopping centers, such as Rio Sul and Barrashopping, are open from Monday to Saturday from 10:00 am to 10:00 pm and on Sundays from 3:00 pm to 9:00 pm. Rio has several convenience stores open 24 hours a day. Banks are open from Monday to Friday from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm.
Rio de Janeiro is the city of Rio de Janeiro. a subtropical city. Summer stretches from December to March with temperatures ranging from 25°C (77°F) to 42°C (108°F); winter runs from June to August, with temperatures around 20°C (68°F) during the day and 16°C (60°F) in winter. night.
Sports dress predominates in Rio, although during working hours men tend to wear a suit and tie and women wear finer clothes. Few places in Rio require formal attire. For men, casual pants and a shirt are sufficient; for women casual wear. A light sweater is recommended. enough for winter nights.
The city has an excellent communications system that connects Rio to the rest of Brazil and the world. Direct and collect dialing can be done from any phone. Public telephones are found throughout the city, including on the sandy beaches, and operate with telephone cards. Portable cell phones can be rented at low cost by visitors. The Direct Dial code for Rio de Janeiro is: 21.
The electric current in Rio de Janeiro is high. 110 or 120 volts. Many hotels and buildings have alternative outlets for 220 volts.
The Military Police of the State of Rio de Janeiro has a battalion – BPTUR – Specialized in ostensive patrolling of the city of Rio for tourist protection. Duly trained and equipped to respond to police incidents with tourists, the police officers of this corporation are in charge of patrolling tourist spots, beaches and areas close to hotels. p>
BPTUR – Police Battalion in Tourist Areas
Address: Rua São Clemente, 345 Botafogo
22260-001 Rio de Janeiro -RJ
Tel: (21) 3399-7565 / 69
(21) 3399-7457 call center
(21) 3399-7562 intelligence service
Fax: (21) 3399-7450
The Tourist Assistance Office – DEAT – a specialized branch of the Civil Police, it is made up of a delegate, detectives, investigators and scriveners responsible for investigating and recording any occurrences. DEAT has its own headquarters conveniently located in Leblon across from Teatro Casa Grande and close to Scala. A police station was instituted and police officers specifically trained to deal with foreign visitors.
Tourist Service Station – DEAT
Address: Av. Afrónio de Mello Franco, s/nº – Leblon
22430-060 Rio de Janeiro – Brazil
Tel: +55(21) 2511-5112 / 3399-7170
Fax: +55(21) 3399-7172
Currently, the City of Rio de Janeiro has more than 500 hotels, including those from 01 to 05 stars, inns, hostels and apart-hotels that offer more than 33,000 rooms.
Rio has a large fleet of taxis, almost all equipped with air conditioning. Ordinary taxis, identified by the color yellow, circulate through the streets with a taximeter. Special taxis operated by licensed companies serve airports and hotels or can be ordered by telephone. At airports and main shopping malls, most special taxis work with fixed rates per area, which can be paid in advance at the company's counter, where the price list must be posted.
Hotels: Hotels often include service charges in their bills.
Restaurants: Tips are optional, but are often found at the end of the bill as a “suggestion”. In Rio, you usually pay 10%.
Taxis: Taxi drivers do not require a tip, although most passengers will round up the fare when they are in the area. Satisfied with the service.
Porters at hotel and airport: R$3.00 per bag.
Trolleys to carry bags at the airport: free
Rio de Janeiro has an intense cultural life, offering more than 200 venues for cinema, theater, musicals and artistic exhibitions, more than 50 museums and 87 libraries. In addition to the traditional museums, the city is home to museums dedicated to trains, planes, trams, jewels and precious stones, sports, Indians, Brazilian primitive art and even art. Carmem Miranda, among others.
In Rio de Janeiro and Brazil there are There are a number of public holidays throughout the year. These are:
1º January – New Year
January 20th – São Sebastião – Patron Saint of the city of Rio de Janeiro (Rio only)
Mobile – Carnival
Mobile – Passion of Christ and Easter
April 21 – Tiradentes – Martyr of Independence
April 23 – São Jorge
1º May – Labor Day
Mobile – Corpus Christ
September 7th – Independence Day
October 12th – Our Lady of Aparecida – Patroness of Brazil
November 2nd – deceased
November 15th – Proclamation of the Republic
November 20th – Zumbi dos Palmares – Black Consciousness Day
December 25th – Christmas
Source: Rio Convention & Visitors Bureau website - http://rcvb.com.br